India’s power generation is still heavily reliant on coal, which is expected to be the dominant player for the coming few decades as well.
As of 2020, of the nearly 1600 tera watt-hour (TWh) of total power generated in India, 72% (1135 TWh) came from coal fired plants. While the share of coal is expected to decrease to 55% in 2030 and to 34% in 2040, it will still remain the most prevalent source of electricity generation in the country
As per a recent report, EIA postulates in their base case scenario (which they call STEPS – Stated Policies Scenario), India’s power generation will increase to 2460 TWh in 2030, going up to 3900 TWh in 2040, and this would be largely supplied by coal fired plants.
Whilst solar and wind will be the fastest growing sources of electricity with impressive gains in capacity, in the STEPS case, they would still not be able to displace coal from its central position in the Indian power generation mix (see chart)
Solar power is expected to grow at a CAGR of 22% to reach 1220 TWh of electricity by 2040, while wind power is slated to grow 11% during the same period to hit 520 TWh of generation capacity.
Source: Rajat Kapoor
See original post by Rajat at LinkedIn.